02. Logistics and Supply Chain Management
The industrial sector faces significant economic and environmental challenges towards a sustainable process. Challenges such as lack of non-renewable resources have culminated in a prompting call for disseminating initiatives aiming to develop sustainable business models in the industrial sector.
The seeking of alternatives to balance efficiency gains and environmental protection in the industrial processes , Circular Economy (CE) has emerged as an alternative to support companies on overcoming environmental and economic challenges.
According to Ellen MacArthur Foundation  which presents the first attempt to define CE, an industrial system can be seen as restorative system, if replace the concept of end of life and shifts towards a business model which consider waste elimination from the design to a disposal of a product or service, in all stages of production. In doing so, CE aimed at reducing the negative impacts of the linear economy through building long term resilience business and economic opportunity, in order to provide environmental and social benefits.
Since CE aims to provide organizations transition from the linear to the circular production model, enhancing flows of goods and services is a first step on applying this concept. Logistics is an enabler to companies to support this transition, due to logistics links resources, products and consumers. In this sense, logistics has appeared as one important tool to support organizations on both applying CE strategies and closing the loop of CE. However, in the current literature researches linking logistics and CE are still scarce and to the best of the author?s knowledge have not been explored by the industrial sector. This research attempt to contribute to bridging the gap between CE and logistics .
This research aims to analyze the contribution of logistics to circular economy practices. The work included an analysis of the current literature focusing on the integration of logistics as an important tool towards CE, including particular aspects related to environmental and economic dimensions and green logistics.
In order to achieve the objective of this research, a review of the existing literature related to logistics, green logistics and CE was drawing upon. Then, with the purpose of understanding the contribution of logistics to support companies on adopting CE practices, the scarce literature related to this integration was also consulted, resorting to reports from companies and public organizations.
3 Main findings
This research aimed to contribute to filling the gap in evaluating the integration of logistics and CE, drawing up useful information?s about the great potential to integrate logistics practices in CE initiatives.
On regards, the increasing demand for limited natural resources results from the literature showed that CE has emerged as an alternative to reduce waste of the industrial process but at the same time closing the loop in the industrial process. From the logistics? side, the added value to logistics on supporting companies in the field of the chain, namely in identifying raw materials from products and process in companies as well identifying possible patterns/companies to reintegrate waste in the chain. It would support companies in threefold, firstly on developing a circular production-consumption chain, secondly in reducing costs in the industrial process, thirdly on reducing the environmental impact.
The analysis from the current literature showed that logistics has great importance around the industrial process, it ranges from design to distribution of products and services which justifies the great potential to support companies on the transition to a linear economy.
The research presented allowed to suggest some implication to industrial sector towards an implementation of a sustainable circular strategy considering the values of CE and mainly based on logistics prin
PALAVRAS-CHAVE: circular economy, logistics, challenges